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Jacques Attali: Svijetu su nužni globalna vlada i novi altruizam

Rujan 13, 2011

Večernji list 04.06.2010

http://www.vecernji.hr/kultura/jacques-attali-svijetu-su-nuzni-globalna-vlada-novi-altruizam-clanak-149834

Želite li pouzdano znati kako će izgledati svijet 2050. godine, a ne želite se petljati s babama-vračarama, obvezno uzmite knjigu “Kratka povijest budućnosti”. U njoj francuski ekonomist Jacques Attali, dugogodišnji savjetnik predsjednika Mitterranda, opisuje svijet koji će mnogima djelovati kao znanstvena-fantastika; već za desetak godina imat ćemo robote u kućanstvima, Kina će za petnaestak godina postati jedna od glavnih ekonomskih sila, Italija će se podijeli na sjever i jug, Americi prijeti građanski rat, do 2030. koloniziraz ćemo Mjesec, ljudi će nositi čipove u tijelu koji će signalizirati bolesti, a automobilski promet odvijat će se zrakom.

Da, može zvučati kao hollywoodski film, ali uzme li se u obzir autoritet J. Attalija kao stručnjaka, kao pisca koji je prije trideset godina najavio kloniranje, koji je najavio sadašnju krizu kada je mnogima to djelovalo nemoguće – zbog čega gostuje na stranicama najvećih svjetskih tiskovina poput “Timesa”, “Guardiana”, “Observera” i sličnih, a sada i ekskluzivno na stranicama “Večernjaka” – te njegove vizije nisu nimalo nevjerojatne.

Otkrijete nam ključ kojim ste se vodili u svojim predviđanjima svijeta do 2050. godine?

– Spojio sam nekoliko kompleksnih ključeva, znanstvenih i teorijskih. Vidjeli ste da sam u knjizi objasnio tijek povijesti sagledavajući je kroz pojedinačne trendove svakog značajnog vremenskog razdoblja, a glavni je trend bio stjecanje individualnih sloboda. Potom, demografija nam može jako puno reći o budućnosti svijeta. A treći je ključ glazba. Još prije trideset godina napisao sam knjigu o tome kako je glazba predvodnik promjena u svijetu i mislim da je ona ključ za predviđanje budućnosti.

Možete li još malo objasniti ulogu glazbe u ovom kontekstu?

– Glazba je jaka virtualna umjetnost, vrlo kreativna, koja omogućava istraživanje o tome što je sve moguće postići na virtualnim područjima nasuprot materijalnoj dimenziji. Vidjeli smo da se glazba pomaknula od svete umjetnosti do umjetnosti za srednju klasu i buržoaziju prije nego što se to dogodilo u svakodnevnom životu, vidjeli smo stvaranje “world glazbe” prije nego što je došlo do globalizacije u ekonomiji, vidjeli smo u glazbi razvoj digitalizacije puno prije nego u ostalim životnim područjima itd.

Osjećate li da ozbiljno doživljavaju vaša upozorenja/predviđanja ili kao neku vrst SF-egzotike?

– To je vrlo izazovno. Knjiga je prevedena u više od 25 zemalja, uključujući Ameriku, Rusiju, Kinu… Imam osjećaj da su ljudi shvatili da je došlo vrijeme da se život prosvijetli. Trenutačno kao da luđački jurimo automobilom između dviju stijena i bilo bi nam pametno posvetiti se životu jer nam je to jedini način da preživimo.

Mislite li da je svijet dovoljno spreman za te promjene?

– Daleko smo još od spremnosti jer imamo globalni svijet, ali još nemamo globalnu vladu, a, želimo li izbjeći nadsukob koji opisujem u knjizi, postojanje globalne vlade apsolutno je nužno. Potrebna nam je naddemokracija i globalna vlada koja bi je provela što je moguće prije.

Kakav nam emocionalni život slijedi, ljubavne veze, obitelji… Pišete o svijetu kao zbroju osamljenih individualaca.

– Da, da, predviđam također novi svijet altruizma kao društvene vrijednosti. U budućnosti će se povesti velika borba između individualne slobode i sebičnosti. Tada će se pojaviti altruizam ne samo kao ljudska vrlina nego i kao politička vrijednost. To će biti jako važno.

Predviđate li rast ili slabljenje snage religije?

– Vjerujem da će se ljudi više posvetiti individualnim religijama koje će biti mješavina. Kao u glazbi, ljudi su počeli semplirati i stvarati od toga novu glazbu. Mislim da će na isti način ljudi semplirati religiju i da će postati trećinu katolici, trećinu budisti i trećinu muslimani. To će stvoriti cijeli niz novih vrijednosti pa će crkve, poput Katoličke, koje pokušavaju održati svoju jedinstvenost – što je na neki način vrijedno poštovanja – biti dosta ugrožene tom željom da se bude univerzalno religiozan i jedinstven

Još razmišljanja našeg sugovornika o globalnoj krizi, industriji zabave, kapitalizmu i društvenim revolucijama, te Attalijev osvrt na stanje u Hrvatskoj, pročitajte u tiskanom broju Večernjakovog priloga Obzor.

komentar:

Altruizam = poslušnost vlasti, zato jer će svjetska vlada sve raditi iz “altruizma”. Neposlušnost = sebičnost i egoističnost/egoizam, asocijalno ponašanje isl.

Treba napomenuti i kako je Jacques Attali bio i jest mnogo više od bivšeg savjetnika bivšeg francuskog predsjednika, poznat i pod nadimkom europski Kissinger, Attali je služio i služi na visokim pozicijama moći unutar EU i UN-a. Attali dakako nema kristalnu kuglu nego opisuje postojeće planove na kojima se danonoćno radi.

Jacques Attali’s Biography (vlastita stranica)

Professor, writer, Honorary Member of the Council of State, Special Adviser to the President of the Republic from 1981 to 1991, founder and first President of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in London from 1991 to 1993, Jacques Attali (www.attali.com) is currently CEO  of A&A, an international consulting firm (www.aeta.net) specialised in new technologies, based in Paris, and President of PlaNet Finance (www.planetfinance.org), an international non-profit organisation assisting microfinance institutions  all over the world. PlaNet Finance is the most important world institution of support to the microfinance.  PlaNet Finance advises and finances the development of the microfinance in 80 countries.

He founded Action Contre la Faim in 1980 and the European programme Eurêka (a major European programme on new technologies that invented, among other things, the MP3).  In, 1989, he also launched an international programme of action against the disastrous floods in Bangladesh.  Jacques Attali then advised the Secretary General of the United Nations on the risks of nuclear proliferation.  He is at the origin of the higher education reform, known as LMD, to bring all European degrees into line.

Jacques Attali has a doctorate in Economics and is a graduate of the Ecole Polytechnique (first in the class of 1963), the Ecole des Mines, the Institut d’Etudes Politiques and the Ecole Nationale de l’Administration. He taught Economic Theory at the Ecole Polytechnique, the Ecole des Ponts et Chaussées and the University of Paris-Dauphine.  He has received honorary doctorates from several foreign universities and is a member of the Universal Academy of Cultures.

Jacques Attali is an editorialist for the magazine L’Express. He has written fifty books, translated into more than twenty languages, with over six million copies sold all over the world, including essays (dealing with a wide variety of subjects ranging from mathematical economics, to music), biographies, novels, children’s tales and plays.

Jacques Attali has been nominated President of the Commission for the liberation for French economic growth by the President of the French Republic since August 2007.

He belongs to the top 100 public intellectuals in the world, according to the Foreign Policy Magazine (May/June 2008).

http://www.attali.com/en/

Political Career

In 1970, when he was 27, he became a member of the Council of State. In 1972, he published his first two books, Analyse économique de la vie politique and Modèles politiques, for which he was awarded with a prize from the Academy of Sciences.

He taught economics at the Paris-Dauphine University, at the Ecole polytechnique and at the Ecole des Ponts-et-Chaussées.

His network comprises several young researchers : Yves Stourdzé (who invented the European research program Eurêka) and Erik Orsenna, but also leading figures in various fields (journalism, mathematics, show business, financial analysis …).

In 1979, he founded the international NGO Action contre la Faim (ACF).

His close collaboration with François Mitterrand began in december 1973. In 1981, the latter, after he was elected President, named him as his special adviser. From this moment on, Jacques Attali wrote, each evening, notes for the attention of the French President, which dealt with economics, culture, politics or the last book he read. The President also entrusted him with the role of « sherpa » (personal representative of a head of State) for the G7 summits.

Jacques Attali then enlarged his circle of acquaintances to Raymond Barre, Jacques Delors, Philippe Séguin, Jean-Luc Lagardère, Antoine Riboud, Michel Serres, Coluche. He advised the President to get Jean-Louis Bianco, Alain Boublil and several young, promising graduates from the Ecole nationale d’administration (like François Hollande and Ségolène Royal) to join his team.

In 1982, he pleaded for « economic rigour ». He organised the Paris G7 summit in 1982. In 1984, he participated in the launching of the European program Eurêka, dedicated to the « development of new technologies ». He organised the bicentennial of the French Revolution of July 14th, 1789. In 1989, he initiated an international plan of action against the disastrous flooding in Bangladesh.

Jacques Attali has always been in favor of the creation of a global government, and his arguments tend to demonstrate that the constitution of a new world order is essential to maintain democracy. He thinks that the regulation of the economy by a global financial institution can be a solution to the financial crisis which started in 2007. This institution would be a first step towards the institution of a global government, of which the European Union is an illustration.

[edit] Financial Career

In 1990, during François Mitterrand’s second mandate, Jacques Attali gave up politics and left the Elysée Palace. He participated in the creation of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), in London, and became its first President. He had initiated the idea of this institution in 1989, before the fall of the Berlin wall, in order to support the reconstruction of Eastern European countries. Jacques Attali thus founded the first institution dedicated to Eastern Europe. Under the leadership of its President, the EBRD promoted investments which aimed at protecting nuclear power plants, protecting the environment and, more generally, developing infrastructure and reinforcing private sector competitiveness.

In 1991, Jacques Attali invited Mikhail Gorbachev to the EBRD headquarters, in London, against the opinion of British Prime minister John Major. By doing so, he compelled the heads of State of the G7, who were attending a summit in this town, to receive the Soviet head of State. After a stormy phone call between Jacques Attali and John Major, the British press started to criticize the President of the EBRD and spread suspicions about the management of the institution. These suspicions were taken up by some French journalists. Jacques Attali explains his stance in a chapter of his book C’était François Mitterrand, entitled « Verbatim and the EBRD » : « the work in question had been done under the supervision of an international working group to which I did not belong. » Indeed, when Jacques Attali left, voluntarily, the EBRD, the board of governors gave him final discharge for the management of the institution.

In 1993, Jacques Attali won a libel suit ; he had been accused of having reproduced in his book Verbatim, without François Mitterrand’s authorization, secret archives and several sentences of the French head of State which were meant for another book. The Herald Tribune even published, on the front page, an article claiming (wrongly) that President Mitterrand had asked for the book to be withdrawn from selling. François Mitterrand confirmed in a long interview that he had asked Jacques Attali to write this book, and acknowledged that he had proofread it and had been given the possibility to make corrections.

In 1994, Jacques Attali founded Attali & Associates (A&A), which gathers all the competences in strategy consulting, corporate finance and venture capital to help companies develop on the long run with profitability.

In 1998, he founded PlaNet Finance, a non-profit organization which is active in more than 80 countries and provides funding, technical assistance and advisory services to 10 000 microfinance players and stakeholders. Le Monde has disclosed the fact that PlaNet Finance employs interns which are paid less than 400 euros, in contradiction with the stance adopted by the Commission for the Liberation of the French Economic Growth (whose President was Jacques Attali).

In 2001, Jacques Attali was subject to investigations on the charges of « concealment of company assets which have been misused and influence peddling ». He was discharged on October, 27th 2009 by the magistrate’s court of Paris, « on the benefit of the doubt ».

[edit] “Attali Commission”

On July, 24th 2007, Nicolas Sarkozy entrusted Jacques Attali with the presidence of a Commission dedicated to the study of the obstacles to economic growth, know as ‘The Commission for the Liberation of the French Economic Growth’. This commission was composed of 42 members. They handed their report to the French President on January, 23rd 2008. They made several recommendations which aimed at transforming the French economy and society in order to « liberate growth » and take up various economic challenges.

[edit] Other activities

On September, 9th 2010, Jacques Attali was appointed as a member of the directorate of the Musée d’Orsay. Like Nicolas Sarkozy, Martine Aubry and Dominique Strauss-Kahn, he is a member of Le Siècle. Since 2010, he directs the Grenoble University orchestra with Patrick Souillot.

[edit] Bibliography

(wikipedia)

 

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